Some of the most endangered animals of the Amazon are living in Tambopata, in the area where we protect the rainforest. Without neglecting the importance of other endangered species, we want to talk about the 5 most amazing species which are also the most interesting for jungle visitors, All of them are mainly threatened due to the destruction of their habitat (deforestation) and some by poaching.
The giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) is the first one on our list because apart from being in danger of extinction, he is the representative species of the region. This diurnal mammal lives in families up to 8 members in rivers and lakes and can measure up to 1.8 meters and weigh 45 kg. He lives on fish like piranhas and catfish and has no natural predators, although he is competing for territory with the black caiman. Unfortunately, he has been heavily hunted because of the high value of his skin, due to this it is estimated that there are less than 5.000 giant otters left in their natural habitat.
The second mammal on the list is the giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), the largest species of all armadillos on the planet. This is a nocturnal and solitary animal that can weigh up to 60 kg and measure up to 1.6 meters including its tail. He has long and strong claws which he uses to dig in the soil when building its burrows and finding food like ants, termites, spiders and other insects during their long walks at night.
The list continues with the harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) on the third place, the biggest eagle on earth, surpassed in size only by the pitecófaga philippine eagle. This is the most powerful bird that exists and is characterized by the elegant crest on his head and his fearful look. He can measure up to a meter and can reach a wing span of two meters. With his stunning claws he even hunts monkeys in the treetops. His claws have the same size as a human hand with short stubby fingers but with claws as big as a brown bear. The harpy eagle puts his nests in large trees like for example the shihuahuaco, so the conservation of this kind of trees is very important for the survival of the eagle.
The blue headed macaw (Ara couloni) who belongs to the smaller macaws, ranks fourth on our list of endangered animals. The Macaw is a green parrot with a blue head and blue wings. He likes to live near the rivers and palm swamps, nesting in the cavities of the trunks of palm trees. Normally they live in groups of up to 4 individuals, but sometimes they join together and form a larger flock.
The black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) closes the list. He is the largest reptile in the Amazon. If he lives in areas with little human impact, he can grow up to 6 meters, and does not have to worry about poaching due to the value of his skin. He is more commonly found in lakes than in rivers, where he lives in peace and nests in the banks, putting 30 to 70 eggs. The black caiman is diurnal and nocturnal, although it is easier to find him at night with the help of a torch that makes his eyes sparkle.
To save and protect the Amazon rainforest in Madre de Dios means not only to preserve the flora but also the fauna and all the species involved. Help us to achieve our goal of protecting 24 hectares of rainforest in this special area. Click here for more information!